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Endangered Plants


African Cycad

Encephalartos sp.

Common Name: African Cycad

Origin/Habitat: These cycads grow throughout Africa in a variety of habitats and climates.

Threats: Poaching, Habitat loss due to human development.

Current Status: Depends on the species.

Description: Encephalartos is a genus of cycad from Africa. Of the 66 species of Encephalartos listed by the IUCN, 10 are endangered, 18 are critically endangered, and 4 are extinct in the wild. The reason for this habitat loss is mostly due to poaching, but also due to forest clearing, residential development, and farming. Of the species which are not endangered, most populations are in decline for the same reasons.

Photos: Rachel Cobb